Saturday, 24 March 2018

Land Registration Procedure in Ghana

By: David Adade

How far has Land Registration in Ghana gone? Is it even important to register land in Ghana. Do people register their lands?

Land value in Ghana is very expensive. Do you want to throw your 20,000 cedis away just like that? Do you want your properties to be owned by someone else other than the ones you wish when you are gone? No, register your land!

It is important to register your land if you own a land. To prevent all form of encumbrances, adverse possession, litigation etc, it is so necessary to register your land.


You can read more on importance of land registration

Many people do not register their land simply because they see no reason why they should do so because they have built on it and have stayed in it without any problems. 

Others do not register their land because they think land registration is expensive, cumbersome, time wasting, bureaucratic and the ultimate being lack of knowledge in the process involved in land registration. 

This is why Gh-Matters has laid down the processes one may go through when registering a State or Stool lands.


Acquisition and registration of state lands


The acquisition of state lands, lease preparation as well as title preparation involves a number of processes. 

The Lands Commission is responsible for the management and registration of state lands in Ghana. 

In acquiring and registering state lands, one needs to go through the following process:


  • Apply to the Lands Commission that you have seen a particular plot of land which you want to acquire. If the application relates to a particular parcel of land, the applicant must state the plot number and the location of the plot. If you don't know any vacant plot, you may request one from the commission.

  • The applicant would be invited to complete application form (Form 5) and a questionnaire with two (2) passport size pictures.

  •  If the application is successful, the applicant will then pay the appropriate fees and charges.

  • The documents are then prepared by Lands Commission and the applicant is invited to execute the documents.

  •  The documents are also then executed by the Chairman of Lands Commission.

  •  The applicant pays ground rent and registration fees.

  • Documents are then released for stamping at Land Valuation Division.

  • The applicant is to obtain Tax Clearance Certificate at Internal Revenue Service.

  • The document is then plotted and registered and the original copy is released to the applicant.


Acquisition and registration of stool lands

Stool lands are allocated by chiefs and the leases are registered by the Lands Commission. 

In Kumasi, the Asantehene’s Land Secretariat (ALS) is responsible for the execution of stool lands but the registration and concurrence is granted by the Lands Commission. 

This is the procedure one has to go through in the acquisition and registration of stool lands:



  • The individual identifies land and approaches the caretaker chief for allocation note.

  • The applicant presents an allocation note to the Asantehene’s Lands Secretariat (ALS) together with a cadastral site plan and passport size photograph.

  • Asantehene’s Lands Secretariat makes enquiries at the Lands Commission to confirm whether the plot is free for allocation.

  • If the plot is free, the applicant pays the necessary fees (drink money) and Asantehene’s Lands Secretariat seeks Asantehene's endorsement on the allocation note.

  • The Asantehene’s Lands Secretariat engrosses lease for execution by lessee, lessor and Asantehene.

  • The Asantehene’s Lands Secretariat sends the executed document to the Lands Commission and applicant follows up on the registration at the Lands Commission.

  • The applicant pays the appropriate lease preparation fees.

  • The document is then registered and the original copy is released to the applicant.

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